Many of you have heard of the word pronation which is Podiatry speak for flat feet. This is a 40 years old woman who had calluses and pain directly related to her pronation.
When she manually raises her arch the lines on her heels will get parallel to the dots on her lower leg. To get her feet in the right position we usually use function custom orthotics. When that doesn’t work there are surgical procedures that can eliminate pronation.